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ELEMENTARY IDENTIFIER  for  common Late Roman Bronze coins
special thanks & acknowledgement to Roman coin maestro Scott Uhrick     *2003  Souzana Steverding  Ancient Coins for Education 


Please note that by no means all cheaper common Roman coins from uncleaned ancient coin purchases ( which are nearly all late (4th Cent) Roman bronzes)  will be identifiable* especially as a large part of the Inscription may be illegible or missing, and so you may only be able to identify the "possible/probable" Emperor or the Reverse type of the coin..



Flavius Julius
Most Noble Caesar


 Constantius II


Reverse Type  &

Some common Roman Inscription Abbreviations are :-
AVG (short for Augustus) Indicates authority over all civil matters
AVGG used to denote that there was more than one emperor ruling at the same time either jointly or simultaneously in another part of the empire. The number of *G*s* denotes how many emperors this particular emperor recognized.

C or CAES short for Caesar  =  CAESAR honorary title given to imperial princes who were next-in-line to the emperor himself. This title was initially Julius Caesar*s personal last name and it was used afterwards to honor his memory

DN Dominus Noster *Our Lord*, in use from the early 4th century through the Byzantine period.

IMP Imperator This title meant the equivalent of *Commander in Chief* and is the word from which we get *emperor*.

.IVN short for Junior, used to distinguish from a parent emperor of the same name.

NOB Nobillissimus Belonging to the highest aristocratic circles.

PF  Pius Felix  -the Emperor is known for his piety and his success ( lucky also)

PM Pontifex Maximvs The highest religious office, a notch below being a god himself.

PP Pater Patriae Honorary *Father* of the empire.