Beliefs in the Ancient World - an Image ContestStudy the "Beliefs" which formed the background in the Ancient World.....polytheistic religions, local deities, mythological creatures, etc. Via coins which were in our ancestors' hands, these "Beliefs" are portrayed.
Amongst the "Beliefs" which formed the background in the Ancient World, there were polytheistic religions, local deities, mythological creatures, etc. Via coins which were in peoples' hands, these "Beliefs" are portrayed in forms which were known to our ancestors... and hopefully to you also?
Click to read Contest Instructions ! IMPORTANT NOTE - the images and questions are given in no special order - that would make it too easy!!!
Click to read Contest Instructions !
IMPORTANT NOTE - the images and questions are given in no special order - that would make it too easy!!!
AlexAEClick on images to read the questions and - Very Important - NOTE that they are in No special order
1) An Alexander the Great Bronze coin - a) which god is he portrayed as?
b) what type of animal headdress is he wearing?
2) In mythology a certain god and hero had to accomplish a number of " Labors" a) who was he? b) how many "Labors" did he need to accomplish? c) Who is he killing as shown on this coin? d) And what place did this octopus like monster come from? ( 1 word)
3) Around 200AD, the mythical god mentioned above was still famous... here he is shown on the reverse of a Severan dynasty coin.... a) What animal is he killing here? b) where exactly is this animal from in the myth (1 word)? c) which exact Emperor of the Severan Dynasty minted this coin-give his name as used = Emperor ? (2 words)
4) A lovely Roman Republican silver coin shows the God of Wine - a) what was his Roman name...? b) what was his Greek name....? c) what mythological animal is shown on the reverse...?
5) This Roman Republican coin shows " Herophile" a) what did the Romans call such a prophetic priestess... a (1 word)? b) a famous place in Greece, where people sought such oracles was at .... (1 word)? c) what is the mythical animal shown on the reverse of the coin....?
Sitting on and where
6) This Seleukid dynasty coin of Antiochos IV shows Apollo on its reverse... a) he is sitting on something special - what is it called ? b) what does it represent? = the ?...(1 word) of the world. c) which they believed was located at ...... ( place 1 word) in Greece. d) Who was the first king of the Seleukid Dynasty? e) What is the correct name for this bottle top type coin... (1 word).
7) Here he is again - Apollo a) what instrument is shown on this coin? b) What language did they speak where this coin was minted?
8)This lovely Republican denarius shows a Boar.. there are two famous mythological boars... a) the shorter-named one is called the ..... Boar b) the other is called the .... Boar ( careful how you spell this longer name!)
above the Euxine
9) a) Who is this ugly mythological deity ? b) which Greek city state issued this coin...? c) what is the Sea called the "Euxine" called today? = the ..... Sea
10) This goddess loved to hunt and was often shown with a Hound...a) what is her Greek name..?; b) what is her Roman name...? c) This worn coin is a denarius from Rome, is it a Roman Imperial coin? - answer Yes or No
11)This Roman Republican coin shows mythological twins. One is called Castor...a) what is the other called....? b)By what one word name are they called collectively?
12)This depiction celebrates Caesar's victory over Vercingetorix. a) What was the name of the province he conquered. b) Behind the head on the coin's obverse is also shown a long trumpet which was used by the conquered peoples in war and in religious ceremony.... it is called a ....(1 word) c) on the reverse is shown a goddess famous in the Greek city of Ephesus - give her Roman name.....?
13)Two different silver coins, both featuring unusual headgear.
a) On the left is Alexander in an unusual Egyptian-type depiction- what is he wearing on his head ? b)On a Roman coin, Juno is shown and she is wearing a .......? headdress. c)The Romans called this goddess personification "Juno ...?(1 further word)"
14)This reverse of a coin of the Emperor Valerian, shows a mythological deity, who can be recognized by his hammer and anvil. a) His Roman name is....? b) His Greek name is.......? c) The Emperor Valerian was captured by which foreign king.... ?
15)A Republican coin shows a god whom you should recognize by the wings on his hat.....a) he is .......? b) what is his sort of hat ( without the wings) called.... (1 word).
c) the reverse image shows the return of Ulysses whose dog recognizes him - what is his dog called?
16) For a change, we look at India and the Kushan King Vima Kadphises. On the reverse of his coin, he shows a)a Hindu god called......... - and b) the Bull known in Hindu lore as ... ( 1 word).
17)This coin is from the Greek Island of Thasos. It shows Hercules with club and lionskin on the reverse - a) which deity does it show on the obverse? Amongst the Labors of Hercules.. pls fill in the missing word/s ref the following... b) the Horses of .....? c) the ..... Stables?; d)the Belt of ...? .. and ref one Labor e) the (fruitS)...? f) of the ...........
18)The bronze coin of Ptolemy III shows a major deity on the obverse called a) .... ? b) under what Egyptian name was he also known..? ( and I am not talking about the eagle!)
19) a) What was the name of this well known Carthaginian female deity.... b) ref a Carthaginian who was not a god but a general and he took elephants over the Alps... what was his name...?
Pontus Amisos ca 100 BC
20)This coin is Greek from Pontus Amisos circa 100 BC a) who/what is shown in the middle on the obverse...? b)it is shown centred on the ...... use the 1 Greek ( not English) word? c) who is shown on the reverse - give Greek name pls.....? d)of what is she a symbol.... ?
21) This scary monstrous serpent is sometimes shown on the reverse of Roman Imperial coins of the earlier Emperors.. Nero, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, etc..... surprisingly it is a protector of grain and vineyards, and supposed to bring good luck a) what is its name....... b) though of ancient Greek origin,to what province/country does it relate particularly in these Roman coins......?
22) You will recognize this as a "maze"....but a) where in the ancient world was there a very famous one...? b) it was not called a " maze" but a .....? c) Who was by mythological tradition kept in it....? d) read the inscription in the exergue and give the location name of a famous palace on the island.....?
23) From Left to right, these coins depict:- a)....?; b) ..?; c)........ d) although this third object is often used to depict medicine nowadays, in Roman times it was the symbol of what God....?
24) The Greek god of the Seas was called a)......... b)This coin shows his lovely wife who was called......? c) What is the Roman name of this male God....? d) He is shown being pulled by what mythical animal...? e) The God is holding his symbol, a ....?
25) This Roman bronze of the Emperor Claudius shows a wise but warlike Goddess a) what did the Romans call her....?; b) What did the Greeks call her.....? c) with what bird was she connected...?
Nero & Temple
26) This coin shows the last Julio Claudian dynasty Emperor a) who was he...? b) on the reverse is shown a Temple where priestesses kept alive the holy fire of which Goddess...? c) what were they called... ( 2 words)?
27) Minted in Egypt, this coin of the Emperor Hadrian shows on its reverse a) the Egyptian goddess called.......? and one of the wonders of the Ancient World, b) the .........( Greek word pls, not English) ?; at c)............?
28) This unusual coin shows Zenobia, a queen who led a revolt again the Roman Empire a) of which country was she Queen ? b) the reverse shows Juno, but what is at her feet..? c) Who was the Greek equivalent of Juno...?
29) Tetricus II, a Gallic Usurper Emperor, shows the standard Roman priestly (pagan) implements on the reverse of this coin. Please give the following using the Latin words : a) a priestly implement beginning with the letter A.....?; b) a priestly implement beginning with the letter L....? c) an implement beginning with the letter S....?. d) What was the name of the Religious Head under the Roman Empire before Christianity.... ( 2 words)?
30) Circa 120 AD this coin was minted in Egypt, one of the major " bread-baskets" of Rome... it shows a Goddess holding corn ears...a) what is her Roman name? b) what is her Greek name? c) which Roman Emperor is shown on the obverse?
31)A Roman Egyptian coin again a) which deity is shown on the reverse? b) the symbol shown on the deity's head is called a ....? c) at his feet sits the mythological dog called.......? d) of which part of his body does this strange dog have 3......?
32) Constantine the 1st, the Great, was known as the First Christian Emperor... but a) he issued coins like this one with a reverse referring to which Pagan God....? b) He also minted another ( looking not dissimilar) paying tribute to a different Pagan deity,who was .....?
33) a) This Emperor tried later to engineer a return to Paganism, what was his name...? b) Of which Imperial Dynasty was he a member......? c) The sacred bull from Egypt shown here on the reverse is called the ...? bull.
34) This coin obverse shows a deity who was very popular in the Roman Army. This cult is largely thought to have originated in Persia and probably be connected with the Sun and Fire worship. a) The deity was called .......? b) Which animal ( its sacrifice) was connected with the rituals as shown on the remaining artifacts portraying the deity, a .......? c) As you can see the deity is depicted wearing a special type of cap called a...... cap? d) This coin comes from Pontus Amisos - in which modern day country is that located...?
Arados and good fortune
35) This deity represents Fortuna... particularly around the Eastern Mediterranean, she is shown on many coins and called another name...a) which is.......? Note her unusual headdress.....b) which is described as .........?
36)The same goddess as shown above, was depicted in a famous late 4th century BC statue in Antioch... a)who designed that statue......? b) where was he from...?
37) This is an early coin of Justinian. He was the Emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire which a)was later called ....?
b) Where was its capital....? c) what was the Greek name of the enormous cathedral built there ( now a mosque) .... ( 2 words)? Highlighted is part of the coin image showing Justinian's shield with d) Saint ....? killing what e)mythical animal....?
38) Most of the coins from the later Middle East do not show a human image, since that was forbidden by their religion a) what religion was that......? However, the coin shown here is related to an ancient Persian belief identified with fire...b) what was this religion called ?
39) We end where we started.. with Alexander the Great. a) this marvellous statue shown on the reverse of one of his coins shows a mighty god ......? (Greek name pls), holding an eagle. b) The statue, well known in the ancient world was located at......? c) it was the work of a very famous ancient Greek sculptor, whose name was....?