Part I The Grand Tour click on image
To celebrate the 10th year of ACE, and for the 1st IMAGE CONTEST of this Academic Year, we are using a slightly unusual approach, though the format and rules are as usual. We want students to follow in the footsteps of men like Thomas Jefferson who in the 18th century studied the Classical Past,.... its coins, history and images,etc which portrayed the world of the Past to them, as it does even more to us.
Historians of the Past --- CONTEST Instructions.
"Historians of the Classical Past"- Contest Instructions
1) GrandTourOurMapClick on the image for questions
1) Grand Tour Map - Imagine that your ancestor set out in early 1763 too. When at school, he had studied the Classical Past including the famous literary work "The Aeneid" in Latin.... a) who wrote that?
b)the writer refers to the Queen of Carthage - what was her name? Your ancestor had also studied the much earlier ancient author called Homer. c) Which war did Homer describe in detail...... d) what was Homer's native language?
2) At that time, one studied Latin before Greek, and thus the Roman culture.Click on the image for questions
2) Yes - even in the 1700s, students like Thomas Jefferson and my ancestor Peter studied ancient History. This well known coin a) celebrates what event? b) in what year did that event take place according to tradition? c) 3 figures are shown on the reverse - who are they ( 3 words/names pls.
3) ExercBritannicusClick on the image for questions
3)So here we are in 1763, and I, Peter, have decided to start my Tour of the Past, with an amazing miles-long ancient stone Wall which roughly separates my own country England from Scotland. a) Which Emperor had this Wall built?; b) at that time they called the Scots north of this wall by a different name - what was it?
c) There is still a huge ruined Roman fort at a place now called "Chesters"... what did the Romans call this fort?
d) A large river runs by this fort - what is it called?
e) Did the Romans have cavalry stationed at this fort( just Yes / No answer)
4) Claudius_Conquest Britannia_Aureus_BM4) Click on image for questions
4) Now I have seen the Northern frontier of the Roman Empire, I will visit the Roman capital of Britannia. a) what was the Latin name for this city? b)who was the Roman leader who first started to invade Britannia? c) later the Emperor Claudius conquered Britannia - which Emperor succeeded him? d) The Britons rebelled... they were led by a famous British warrior Queen, and her name was?..... e) The rebellious Britons burned London - their Queen was the leader of the British tribe called the .....?
5) PortaNegraTrierClick on image for questions
5)After being seasick during a windy crossing from London to mainland Europe, I hired a carriage as I wanted to see this famous Roman building in Trier... a) what was the Roman name of Trier? b) When we refer to the "limes" of the Roman Empire, what do we mean? In 9 AD, the German tribes defeated the Romans... c) who was the defeated Roman General d) what was the name of the area where it happened?
6)Maison CarreeNimesClick on the image for questions
6)I have now journeyed down to the South of France - where I first visited Marseilles, a city dating back to Greek and Roman times... a) what did the Romans call the city? I travelled on and saw the wonderful temple shown in the image in Nimes - b) what did the Romans call Nimes? I also visited amazing huge Roman building remains - true proof of their advanced science and building technique at Pont du Gard c)what was this fantastic architectural construction used as? (1 word)
7) PortforRomeClick on the image for questions
7) I have a choice now.. I could travel across the high mountains of the Alps - a) which famous Carthaginian general did that when he invaded Rome? b) What large animals amazingly crossed the Alps with him...? But I decided to sail to Rome instead - c) what is the name of the port nearest Rome....? d) what is the name of the river which runs through Rome.....? e) Which Emperor minted this fabulous coin...?(give his "full" name. f) Of which famous Dynasty was he part...?
8) CrocexPerrySClick on the image for questions
8) This coin shows the first Roman Emperor.... please give a) his original name; and b)the name he used as the first Emperor? c) which famous general is shown with him on the coin?
9) MusicalEmperorClick on image for questions
9) This Emperor was the last of the Julio Claudian Dynasty... a) what was his birth name?; b) Who was his mother?
He often travelled to which country c)..... ? ....to perform in the Olympic and other Games which he always won!! d)Back in Rome he built a luxury palace called ....? ( 2 words)
10) GrandTourRomaClick on the image for questions
10)What a joy it is to wander through Rome and see the ancient buildings, about which one has read so much. These coins illustrate wonders which amazingly we can still see in part, though now in ruins.
a) The coin on the left illustrates what is often called the Colosseum, but its true name is the ........ (2 words)b) The coin on the right shows a famous round temple where noble and chaste women served... it was called the Temple of the .......... (2 words). c) The temple was for the goddess of the hearth, and the duty of the women who served there was to keep the ..... (1 word) alive.
11) GrandTour_Second DynastyClick on the image for questions
11) After the year of the 4 Emperors, the man on this coin started the new (second)Imperial Dynasty a) what was it called? b) what was his name? He is shown here on top of an unusual column - c) what is this sort of column called? d) And what are the items which stick out on the sides of the column?
12) CharleyRhodesBridgeClick on the image for questions
12) This Emperor followed after the Emperor Nerva - a) what was his name? b) He built a famous bridge shown on this coin over a big river in Dacia ( Eastern Europe)- what is the name of the river? c) A famous column celebrating his victories still stands - where is it?
13) to the SouthClick on the image for questions
13) Alas much as I would like to remain in Rome, my curiosity calls me along dusty roads to the South. In the early Roman Imperial era, a huge natural disaster occured with the eruption of a volcano. a) what was/is the volcano called? b) when did this eruption occur..? c) In the mid 1700s, they first excavated the ancient city of .... (11 letters in this name of this city!)
14) ExGelaClick on the image for questions
14) My companions urge us on towards Greece, so I have no time to visit the ancient city of Gela. a) Gela is on the island of ....? b) This coin from Gela shows a mythological creature called a .......... ( 3 words). c) This island and a large part of Southern Italy were once inhabited by Hellenes and it was called .... ( 2 words).
d) Later at least half the island was occupied by yet another foreign power (against whom the Romans fought) and this occupying power was called ....... (1 word)?
15) Greek runners-6th CentBCClick on the image for questions
15) As,inspired by such breathtaking Greek pottery, we set out for Olympia in Greece, we must remember that the Greeks held other famous "Games" - the best known were - and I give you the first letter to jog your memories.... a)the P..... Games; b) the I....... Games; and c) the N....... Games. Sadly in the early 5th century AD, a Christian Roman Emperor ordered the destruction of the temples at Olympia ...d) who was he?
16) Sybil HerophileClick on the image for questions
16) This beautiful Roman Republic coin shows the Sybil Herophile, and now we are travelling to the famous Sanctuary of Apollo in Greece, a) which is at ........?. There I will consult the Oracle. b) This site is near a mountain famous in Greek Antiquity, which is .......? But now in the 1760s, this part of Greece is not free and independant, but part of an alien foreign Empire.. c) which is called the ........ Empire.
17) Thus spake the OracleClick on the image for questions
17) The Oracle spake and I know not what to do!
I paid one golden guinea to a filthy villager wearing silver inlaid daggers, and consulted the famous Oracle - . but how can I be sure what to do on hearing what it said... "No more a Library will you see, by going now across the sea."
I pass a sleepless night thinking about the following:- a) In which city across the Mediterranean was the most famous Library of antiquity ( since destroyed)....?
b) Which ruling Dynasty stocked this Library?
c) Which pirates were a dangerious menace to shipping in the Mediterranean in the mid / late 18th Century : the ......... pirates ?
18) OWL_HJBClick on the image for questions
18)We travel on, riding mules with uncomfortable wooden saddles over the highest hills - it is very dusty and hot, but this coin symbolises our next and maybe our last destination...for everyone is worried by what the Oracle said and we discuss what sort of ransom our famiies could raise were we captured and sold into slavery by pirates!! Everyone knows this coin but a) in what language is the inscription; b) for which city/state is it an abbreviation.......? c) is this the obverse or the reverse.....? d) what or who is depicted on the other side....?
19) PART TWO ......Greek Independence & PoetancestorClick on the image for questions
PART TWO The Greeks fight for Independence.
19) This English Poet played a great role in supporting the Greek War of Independence... a) against which occupying Empire did the Greeks fight... (1 word); b) in what year did this War start? c) What was the name of this English poet, who supported the Greeks..? d) Where in Greece did he die...? e) When did he die?
20) OttoKingNauplion1836Click on the image for questions
20) The first King of Greece ( King of the Hellenes)came from a European royal family, as did later Greek monarchs. a)From which royal European family did he come... they were Kings of............? b) What was the family name of the Dynasty (e.g "Habsburg")...? This picture shows King Otho/Othon arriving, c) in what year was he forced out of Greece ...?
21) Alfons de Bayern WWOneClick on the image for questions
21) A German Prince, Alfons, whose court supplier of antiquities shows the trail of "provenance" of a Roman coin collection. ( a few of these " provenanced" coins will be Teacher prizes). a) Prinz Alfons was what relative to the first King of Greece........? b) What is the Germanic name of the sort of pointed/spiked top headgear he is pictured wearing here?
22) PART THREE "Early Archaeology".Click on the image for questions
22) This early picture shows excavations in Pompeii in 1776. Classicists had read about the terrible eruption in the 1st Century AD. a) Which volcano erupted...? b)When did it erupt? c) Which Emperor was ruling at the time...?
23) His wife wearing ancient jewelsClick on the image for questions
23) Early Amateur Archaeologists pioneered the field and though nowadays they have their detractors, they led the way.
A famous German amateur archaeologist discovered this ancient gold jewellery at Troy, and his wife Sophia is shown wearing them in this early photo. a) his name was..... b) she used to read a Greek ancient classic to her husband about the Trojan War, which was written by ......?
c) He also discovered a fabulous " golden mask" during excavations at ........
24) cretan_labyrinthClick on the image for questions
24)This coin shows a famous Labyrinth ...a) it is on the Greek Island of .......? b) From this coin's inscription, please name the Palace site to which it refers.....?1 word). c) What was the name of the civilisation who ruled and inhabited the island, at the time the Palace was built? d) What was kept in the Labyrinth, the ......?
e) Who was the British Archaeologist who uncovered the site.......... (3 words)