"Inheritors & Imposters" including short term claimants and Usurpers!
Augustus, should have inherited
1) This is the first Roman Imperial ruler,Augustus? a) Did he have a son of his own? ( Y / N) b) He had a daughter called ? c) She was married to a famous Roman general, a colleague of her father - what was his name? d) He was supposed to inherit - and shown on the reverse of this coin are his two sons, who were also in the succession line, what were their names ( 2 names).
Grandfather not dirDesc
2) Sadly, though these are direct descendants, these twins do not come from the first Augustus, - a) who was their imperial grandfather ...? b) who was their father? c) who was their mother? d) give the names of both of them...? e) One of these twins died early in infancy - which one?
Father of whom
3) a) To whom was this man married? b) After his death she was banished to which island? c) Exactly how did she die? d)Which Imperial Emperor who actually reigned did this man and his wife father?
4)This man became Emperor following the dying out of the Julio Claudian Dynasty. a) who was the last of the Julio Claudian Emperors....? b) Who was this Emperor (shown on the coin) who succeeded the last of the Julio Claudian Emperors?
c) Who offered him the Imperial throne..?
5)As Governor of Africa under Nero, this cynical man thought he was a possible Imperial successor and tried a kind of blackmail - a) who was he? b) what important foodstuff did he withhold from the Romans in his attempt?
6)In January of AD 69, the Emperor, who had actually succeeded the last Julio Claudian, was murdered. The new man shown on this coin from Antioch was involved in the murder and then became Emperor himself - a) what was his name...? b)by whom in turn was he himself defeated? c) how did his life end?
7)This is the next of the short-lived or aspiring Emperors known as Vitellius...a) please give his full name.......; b)in what year was he born? c) He was overthrown by the troops of the Emperor who founded the Flavian dynasty, whose name was....?
d)What happened to Vitellius' body?
8)This general served with great distinction and in AD 193 was Governor of Britannia a) Give his full name (4 words) b) What position/title ( 1 word) was he offered and accepted?... c) However, the offer was reneged upon and he was declared a Public Enemy, although his troops had proclaimed him Emperor,so he fought but he was defeated...where was he defeated ( give Latin and English name). d) Give the date of his defeat....? e) What happened to his body? f) Which dynasty ruled following this man's defeat?
9)In AD 248, this man, who claimed to be a descendant of Alexander the Great was proclaimed Emperor in Syria for a very short time - what was his name?
10)In the same year, another " Usurper" arose in Upper Moesia for a short time... a) what was his name b) from which mint were his coins issued?
11) This Usurper in Pannonia - 260-261 AD - was one of the generals of a defeated Emperor a) which Emperor? b) The Usurper was called ?
c) He was a native of which Province? d) He was said to be a descendant of the famous King of that area, who was..? e) which king was defeated by which Roman Emperor? f) What was the name of this Usurper's wife ( 2 words) ?
12) This " Usurper" is the younger brother of Macrianus a) what is his name? b) He was beseiged in what city?
c) Then he was captured and killed by whom? d) What was the title of the man who captured and killed him?
13) Previously appointed Commander of the Rhine legions by the Emperor Valerian, this Gallic usurper rebelled against the Emperor Gallienus, and assumed Imperial rule in Gaul, Spain and Britain... a) what was his full Latin name? He was successful against the Emperor Gallienus, and apparently ruled well for several years but, in AD 268, a Legionary Commander called Laelianus rebelled against him, hoping to rule instead - b)in which town was Laelianus based? ( give the Latin name pls.) Laelianus was soon defeated but our Usurper shown above would not let his troops sack that city - c) in which modern day country is that city.
14) After the death of the Usurper above for refusing to let his troops sack a city after a victory, this man seized power for a very short time.... a) who was he ? b) what had been his trade before he became a soldier?
15) The so-called Gallic Roman Empire was a product of unrest in the Empire, and produced several Usurpers.
a) the Usurper shown on this coin reigned from 270 - 273/274 AD - what was his name? b)Which Usurper did he succeed, who had been murdered? In which German city did he established his court? c) please give the Latin name for that city ?
16) This is the son of the Usurper shown above a) what was his name? b) the reverse shows priestly implements.. what is the name of the one shown furthest left when facing the coin ?
17) This is a famous queen in the MidEast at the time of Aurelian - a) what was her name? b)What was the name of her kingdom? c)Give the name of her husband? d) What happened to him? e) What was the name of her son, who ruled jointly with her? f) They were defeated,and taken captive - were they executed?
(Y or N).
Probus wTemple Beast
18) This is the Emperor Probus. a) name TWO of his Generals who. separately, tried and failed to become Emperor instead of him.
19) The first of two Usurpers, this "gifted Admiral" commanded the Channel fleet and later ruled in Britannia. a) What was his name? When the Emperor Maximian sent orders that he ( the Usurper shown on the coin) should be put to death.. he proclaimed himself Augustus in late 286/287 AD, and moved his fleet to Britain. b) The Emperor, Constantius I Chlorus, attacked the Gallic strongholds of this Usurper, including blocking the ports - name one of these ports ...? This coinage was mainly issued in Britain - c) give the Latin name of the major mint there
following Brit Usurp
20) This is the second in a row of Usurpers in Britain. a) what was his name? b) Of what had this man been in charge before he murdered his predecessor? c) what is shown on the reverse of this coin?