Elementary Identifier
ELEMENTARY IDENTIFIER  for  common Late Roman Bronze coins
special thanks & acknowledgement to Roman coin maestro Scott Uhrick     *2003  Souzana Steverding  Ancient Coins for Education 
Click Here to Download this guide as a .PDF file 

 

Please note that by no means all cheaper common Roman coins from uncleaned ancient coin purchases ( which are nearly all late (4th Cent) Roman bronzes)  will be identifiable* especially as a large part of the Inscription may be illegible or missing, and so you may only be able to identify the "possible/probable" Emperor or the Reverse type of the coin..

Obv.

FL IVL CONSTANTIUS
NOB  C

Flavius Julius
Constantius
Most Noble Caesar

Rev

OBVERSE
 Emperor
 Constantius II

 

Reverse Type  &
Inscription
GLORIA EXERCITVS

Some common Roman Inscription Abbreviations are :-
AVG (short for Augustus) Indicates authority over all civil matters
AVGG used to denote that there was more than one emperor ruling at the same time either jointly or simultaneously in another part of the empire. The number of *G*s* denotes how many emperors this particular emperor recognized.

C or CAES short for Caesar  =  CAESAR honorary title given to imperial princes who were next-in-line to the emperor himself. This title was initially Julius Caesar*s personal last name and it was used afterwards to honor his memory

DN Dominus Noster *Our Lord*, in use from the early 4th century through the Byzantine period.

IMP Imperator This title meant the equivalent of *Commander in Chief* and is the word from which we get *emperor*.

.IVN short for Junior, used to distinguish from a parent emperor of the same name.

NOB Nobillissimus Belonging to the highest aristocratic circles.

PF  Pius Felix  -the Emperor is known for his piety and his success ( lucky also)

PM Pontifex Maximvs The highest religious office, a notch below being a god himself.

PP Pater Patriae Honorary *Father* of the empire. 

 

 

 

EMPERORS on commonly found  Late Roman Bronze coins -   with Common Obverse Inscriptions and Reverse Types & their Inscriptions :

1)The Constantine Family .........

Constantine I the Great 307-337 AD
Obv=CONSTANTINVS PF AVG
Rev= GLORIA EXERCITVS................ (1)
2 soldiers, w 2 standards between

Coin
 

Constantine I
GLORIA EXERCITVS.............(1 var)
The Glory of the Army
Soldier w Spear & Shield

Coin
 

Constantine I
CAESARVM NOSTRORVM VOT V ..(2 -Votive )
Because of the vows our Caesars pledged for 5 years

Coin
 

Constantine I
PROVIDENTIAE  CAESS........... (3 - Campgate)
 To the foresight of our Caesars
Campgate fortification

Coin
 

Constantine I
IOVI  CONSERVATORI  CAESS........(4)
 To Jove the preserver of the Caesars
Jove holds Victory on Globe / Chi Rho

Coin
 

 

 

 

Constantine I
VICTORIAE LAET PRINC PERP VOT P R ...........( 5)
 Happy Victories of long lived Princes due to Vows of the Roman people
2 Victories place shield on Altar

Coin
 

Constantine I - 337 -340 AD
BEATA TRANQVILLITAS VOTIS  XX........(6)
Blessed Peace due to Vows pledged
Altar with Globe on top

Coin
 

Constantine I
 SOLI  INVICTO  COMITI       ...........(7)
Dedicated to the Invincible Sun
Sol stands holding Globe

Coin
 

Constantine I
 VIRTVS EXERCITVS VOT XX.....(8)
The Courage of the Army because of 20 yr vows
2 captives seated at base of standard

Coin
 

Constantine I
 URBS ROMA
The City of Rome
Shewolf w Romulus & Remus

Coin
 

Constantine I

Constantinopolis Commemorative-
Winged Victory - Chi Rho sign

Coin
 

 

 

Constantine the Great's 3 sons :- Constantine II, Constans & Constantius II   After the death of Constantine his three remaining sons inherited the Empire.  The eldest (Constantine II) died trying to increase his share at the expense of his youngest brother.  That brother (Constans) died in a revolt brought on by his religious and sexual eccentricities.  The remaining son Constantius II reigned for a respectable 24 years.

 

Constantine II (Jun)  - his Obverse inscriptions at first differentiated with those of his father by having CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C ;    then   CONSTANTINVS P F AVG    after his father's death & he issued coins with much the same reverses as  Constantine the Great - see Reverse Types 1, 2,  3, 4,  5, 6, & 8 ( see earlier)

Coin

Constantine II (Jun) CLARITAS REIPVB
Sol stands holding Globe

 

Constans  337-350 AD
CONSTANS  P F  AVG  (after his father's death -  issued coins with  happier reverses!
 FEL TEMP  REPARATIO
The Return of the Good Times
Emperor & Victory on Galley

Coin
 

Constans
FEL TEMP  REPARATIO
Soldier leading young barbarian
 from hut under tree

Coin
 

Constans
GLORIA EXERCITVS
Glory of the Army
2 Soldiers w Chi Rho standard between them

Coin
 

Constans also issued many " Votive " coins - see earlier as well as the " VICTORIAE   etc"

 

 

 

 

Constantius II   337 -361 AD
D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG
 FEL TEMP REPARATIO
The Return of the Good Times
Emperor holds Globe w Victory
on it & steps  on captive

Coin
 

Constantius II
FEL TEMP  REPARATIO
Emperor spears a falling horseman

Coin
 

Constantius II
VIRTVS EXERCITVS
The Courage of the Army
Soldier w Spear & Shield

Coin
 

Constantius II
VICTORIAE DD AVGG Q NN
The Victories of our Lords & Emperors
2 Victories facing  holding Wreaths high

Coin
 

Constantius II
CONCORDIA MILITVM
 Unity of the Army
Emperor holding 2 Chi Rho standards

Coin
 

 

 

Other Commonly available Late Roman  bronze coins .
Coins issued by Emperors Valens & Valentinian II  

Valens  364-378 AD Eastern Empire
D N  VALENS   P F  AVG
 GLORIA ROMANORVM
the Glory of the Romans
Emperor dragging Captive

Coin
 

Valens
 SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE
The Security of the Republic
Victory advancing left

Coin

Valens also issued many coins with Votive reverses - see earlier images

Valentinian II  375-392 AD Western Empire
D N VALENTINIANVS  P F AVG
 VIRTVS EXERCITVS
Emperor steps on captive

Coin
 

Valentinian II
GLORIA ROMANORVM
The Glory of the Roman people
 Emperor on Galley steered by Victory

Coin
 

Valentinian II
 REPARATIO  REIPVB
Restoration of the Republic
Emperor w kneeling woman & holding Victory on a Globe

Coin


Valentinian II also issued many Votive reverse coins

With grateful thanks to Scott Uhrick without whom I could not have done this , With acknowledgements to Beast Coins .